Understanding Developmental Disorder & Disabilities

Development disorder is a form of disability that causes a slow rate of growth and individuals show some form of mental incapability in the various activities of life. Their slow developmental skills could be caused due to various reasons, but they all suffer from similar problems of inability to communicate, mental retardation, poor social skills and sometimes even physical disabilities. Developmental disabilities as such have no cure, but several treatment options are available to make things a little better for them. It is important to discover what kind of development disability your child suffers from at an early age in order for these treatments to be successful later in life.

Identifying a Developmental Disorder

Development disorders are generally referred to as conditions that cause a delay in basic skills and functions in an individual. Developmental disorder often shows a slow rate of growth, difficulty conducting simple daily tasks and sometimes even malnutrition. Developmental disabilities are also referred to as pervasive development disorder and it is usually noticeable in a child around the age of 3. Even though symptoms of a developmental problem may be present even on birth, these are not identified until a child shows stagnant development in areas of communication, independent thinking and expressive behaviors. In general, children suffering from any kind of developmental disorder will show slow growth in mental processes and parents will notice a state of confused helplessness in their eyes.

Distinguishing The Type of a Developmental Disorder

Developmental disability is a broad category and numerous kinds of disabilities fall under it. Each of these developmental problems show distinct characteristics and have specific ways of identifying and treating them. Some of the common types of developmental disorders are:

  1. Autism: This developmental disorder causes mental retardation in almost all children suffering from it. Autistic children show an inability to communicate with others and perform basic daily functions.
  2. Attention Deficiency Disorder (ADD): Individuals with this developmental problem show an inability to concentrate on important things around them. They are distracted easily and are unable to focus on one thing for too long.
  3. Asperger’s Syndrome: These children have a higher intelligence and developmental skills than autistic children but they suffer from the same troubles like social communication and interaction.
  4. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder: In this form of developmental disorder, a child loses his capabilities as he grows. He loses control of his body movements and processes and slowly degenerates to a point where he loses interaction and communication skills as well.
  5. Down’s Syndrome: This developmental disability is caused due to the presence of an extra chromosome in a child’s cells. It causes permanent mental retardation in most cases.
  6. Rett’s Syndrome: Children diagnosed with this form of developmental disability suffer from several physical disabilities. They lose the ability walk around normally and the ability to perform other physical tasks.

Treatment of a Developmental Problem

Even though there are usually no cures for these development disabilities, early detection of the type of developmental disorder can benefit the child in many ways. There are a number of treatment options available for the various kinds of developmental disabilities. Each of them are designed to make the lives of these individuals easier and help them lead a normal life. Every effort is being made by researchers to come up with appropriate medicines or intuitive technological devices that will benefit development disability patients. However, the best form of help they can receive is the love and support of people around them.

Developmental disabilities are the most common form of disabilities affecting millions of individuals across America. They encompass a vast variety of learning, pervasive and development disorders. Symptoms of these developmental problems are usually discovered at an early age in children which helps them receive proper treatment. Some people grow out of it and lead normal lives while many others adjust to this developmental disorder and work their way around it .Whatever the case may be, these individuals lead extremely challenging lives and endure various hardships throughout their lives.

References:

  1. Pervasive Developmental Disorders – National Institute of Mental Health
  2. NINDS Pervasive Developmental Disorders Information Page – National Institute of Neurological Disorders & Stroke

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