Nose Smell
Effects of Parkinson's Disease

Loss of Taste and Smell in Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurones in the nigro-striatal region of the brain. Loss of taste or smell can occur over a period of time in Parkinson’s disease but it may be so gradual as to remain undetected in many patients. Some studies have shown that impaired sensation of smell may occur in a PD patient even long before the development of motor symptoms. Disorders of taste (gustatory) and smell (olfactory) may occur normally with advancing years but suffering from a neurodegenerative disorder such as Parkinson’s disease seems to increase the chances of such disorders. However, it must be kept in mind that not all people with the loss of smell or taste develop Parkinson’s and also not every patient with Parkinson’s presents with the loss of [… Read More]

Parkinson's Disease FAQ

First Signs and Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system which involves the loss of the dopaminergic neurones in the substantia nigra region of the brain and affects millions of people worldwide. This part of the brain is rich in dopaminergic neurons. Dopamine is a chemical neurotransmitter that is responsible for the transmission of signals from one part of the brain to another. It thereby helps in the muscular control and coordination of the body. Loss of the dopaminergic neurons lead to the deficiency of dopamine and hence various motor symptoms of the Parkinson’s disease manifest, which continue and worsen over time. There is no definitive line of diagnosis or management for the Parkinson’s disease. The diagnosis is usually based on the neurological clinical examination conducted by a knowledgeable and experienced [… Read More]

nervous system - brain and nerves

Brain Functioning and Personality Changes in Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder affecting millions of people all over the world. It is caused by the lack of neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. This neurotransmitter is responsible to control the part of brain incharge of the control movement, emotional response and the ability to feel pleasure and pain. The deficiency of dopamine act synergistically with the increase in the amount free radicals in the body and bring about the physical manifestation of the disease. The symptoms might appear anytime, but majority of the patients affected are usually above 50 years and rarely below 30 years of age. Although the characteristic symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD) involve motor functions such as tremor, rigidity, slowness of movement and loss of postural reflex, there are other neurological and psychiatric symptoms present in later [… Read More]

Living with Parkinson's

Dental Diseases and Oral Health in Parkinson’s Patients

The chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder Parkinson’s disease occurs due to dopamine deficiency and represents a constellation of continually debilitating symptoms. While the symptoms might range from premotor to motor effects, i.e. from constipation, sleep disturbances, olfactory and gustatory loss to tremors, stiffness, dyskinesia followed by a loss over muscle control and coordination. As Parkinson’s disease progresses, many other symptoms and problems start developing, some due to the disease process itself and others due to the effects of natural aging. Of these, dental diseases and the problems associated with them need to be tackled as soon as possible so as to make the patient’s life more comfortable. The dental problems arise mainly because of the nature of Parkinson’s and some of the medications used to treat the condition. Also the symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease makes [… Read More]

Sleep Apnea
Living with Parkinson's

Breathing Problems in Parkinson’s Disease

The troublesome neurodegenerative disorder Parkinson’s disease manifested by the symptoms of tremors, slowing of movements, rigidity and many more associated motor complications, caused by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal region of the brain is one of the most common cause of disability amongst the elderly population. Parkinson’s breathing is a complicated issue. Normal aging should not cause breathing difficulty and people with Parkinson’s disease, although mostly elderly, should not have breathing problems unless there is some underlying cause. Getting out of breath on undertaking unaccustomed exercise is not really a cause for concern. Some people with Parkinson’s disease experience shortness of breath and undergo testing, but are found to have a healthy lung function. It is quite possible, however, for a person with Parkinson’s disease to also suffer from some pre-existing lung [… Read More]

chest pain acid reflux
Living with Parkinson's

Acid Reflux, GERD, Heartburn in Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson disease is the most  common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurones in the Nigrostriatal region of the brain. The dopaminergic neurons are predominantly responsible for the control of bodily movements and posture. Their deficiency leads to muscular imbalance and loss of control and coordination in the elderly patients. Acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or just simple heartburn occurs quite frequently in many people, but Parkinson’s disease patients seem to be more prone to developing this condition. It is one of the most common non motor features of the Parkinson’s disease. In clinical practice the disappearance of these symptoms after the treatment of proton pump inhibitors allows the treating doctor to conclude that the patient had acid related dyspepsia, which is usually defined as the upper abdominal pain, retrosternal pain, discomfort, [… Read More]

Food eating difficult swallowing
Effects of Parkinson's Disease

Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia) in Parkinson’s Disease Patients

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder occurring in the elderly patients characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the part of brain called as nigrostriatum. Dopamine is predominantly involved in the  muscular control and coordination of the body. Due to the progressive loss of muscle control – both voluntary and involuntary – many other symptoms can develop in a patient suffering from Parkinson’s disease besides the typical symptoms of tremor and rigidity. Dysphagia is one such symptom. Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing is a common problem in people with Parkinson’s disease which can have far-reaching consequences. It affects about 40% to 90% patients of the Parkinson’s disease. Swallowing difficulties can occur at any stage of Parkinson’s disease. Dysphagia can lead to shorter survival time in a patient with Parkinson’s disease, not only because [… Read More]

physical therapist
Living with Parkinson's

Atrophy in Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder of the elderly primarily affecting the dopamine producing neurons in substantia nigra region of the brain. The dopamine is a brain neurotransmitter, which helps in the relay of signals from one part of brain to other. The dying dopaminergic neurons cause a motor system dysfunction in the form of imbalance in the muscle control and coordination, which manifests as tremors, rigidity, slowness of movements, dyskinesia, freezing of gait, and frequent falls. Parkinson’s disease patients, especially in the end stages of the disease, often have a significant amount of muscle atrophy. This muscle wasting or loss of muscle tissue could be due to reduced physical activity because of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease or if bedridden. Added to the reduced or lack of physical activity, an additional factor to [… Read More]

Itching Skin
Effects of Parkinson's Disease

Skin Diseases & Irritation in Parkinson’s Disease

There are innumerable minor, but nonetheless quite distressing, symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease, with skin problems being one of them. Some of these skin problems may be due to the disease itself although drug therapy for Parkinson’s disease is often responsible. While the side effects of these medicines do cause significant distress at times, it is important to note that the drugs are essential in managing Parkinson’s disease and should not be stopped or changed without your doctor’s approval.

eye optometrist
Effects of Parkinson's Disease

Eye Disorders & Vision Problems in Parkinson’s Disease

Although tremor and rigidity are the typical symptoms of a patient with Parkinson’s disease, eye problems are quite common too, and are important because they can interfere with the quality of life of a person. When faced with eye disorders or vision problems in patients with Parkinson’s disease, it is important to bear in mind that some of these conditions may not be related to Parkinson’s. Old age, poor eyesight, complication from other chronic conditions, like diabetes, may impact on the eyesight in any person, even when Parkinson’s disease is not present.