Fall mouth breathing
Living with Parkinson's

Falls in Parkinson’s Disease – Causes, Effects, Prevention Tips

Due to the nature of Parkinson’s disease, falls are a fairly common occurrence mainly due to instability with the posture and impaired gait. Falls and freezing of gait are the two most common interconnected phenomenon associated with patients of Parkinson’s disease. It has a host of complications as would frequent falls in any person, irrespective of Parkinson’s disease.

parkinsons exercise
Effects of Parkinson's Disease

Complications of Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disorder that adversely affects the movements, control over the muscles, balance, and coordination. It is a progressive disease and symptoms worsens over time due to the loss of dopaminergic neurons situated in the nigro striatal region of the brain. Complications may arise in any disease if left untreated or as it progresses and Parkinson’s disease is no different. These complications may be associated with PD itself as it gets worse, or may be arise as a side effect from the medication being used for PD or at times arise separately due to the effects of Parkinson’s disease on various aspects of life and health (secondary). Parkinson’s disease itself is not fatal but some of its complications are, and therefore proper care and vigilance is necessary. The disease progresses severely in [… Read More]

Wheelchair Senior
Living with Parkinson's

Travel Considerations for the Parkinson’s Patient

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system caused due to the dying dopaminergic neurons in the nigro-striatal region of the brain. It is a disease of gradual onset, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. The disease often goes undetected for a long time as the motor symptoms like tremors, rigidity, stiffness, slowing of movements, hunched over back takes years to develop. The clinical diagnosis is based on the neurological examination conducted by experienced and knowledgeable neurophysician. However, once the diagnosis is made, it paves way to the start of a difficult journey leading to a myriad of new challenges for the disabled as well as their family. Parkinson’s disease usually affects the individuals in their golden years of relaxation. However, the disability must not [… Read More]

Living with Parkinson's

Sleeping Problems in Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a disorder of the central nervous system caused due to the damage of the dopamine producing nerve cells in the brain. This dopamine deficiency manifests in the form of a constellation of slowly and continually debilitating pre-motor and motor symptoms ranging from sleeping problems, constipation, to tremors, stiffness and the loss of ability to control one’s own bodily movements. A range of sleeping problems are associated with a large majority (about 96%) of the people suffering from Parkinson’s disease (PD) and unless they are recognized and tackled effectively, they can give rise to serious consequences. Often the sleep disorders are an early indicator of this impending neurodegenerative disorder, even before the appearance of motor symptoms, and can manifest as restless sleep, nightmares, vivid dreams, acting out dreams during sleep, and excessive daytime [… Read More]

nervous system - brain and nerves

Brain Functioning and Personality Changes in Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder affecting millions of people all over the world. It is caused by the lack of neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. This neurotransmitter is responsible to control the part of brain incharge of the control movement, emotional response and the ability to feel pleasure and pain. The deficiency of dopamine act synergistically with the increase in the amount free radicals in the body and bring about the physical manifestation of the disease. The symptoms might appear anytime, but majority of the patients affected are usually above 50 years and rarely below 30 years of age. Although the characteristic symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD) involve motor functions such as tremor, rigidity, slowness of movement and loss of postural reflex, there are other neurological and psychiatric symptoms present in later [… Read More]

Living with Parkinson's

Dental Diseases and Oral Health in Parkinson’s Patients

The chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder Parkinson’s disease occurs due to dopamine deficiency and represents a constellation of continually debilitating symptoms. While the symptoms might range from premotor to motor effects, i.e. from constipation, sleep disturbances, olfactory and gustatory loss to tremors, stiffness, dyskinesia followed by a loss over muscle control and coordination. As Parkinson’s disease progresses, many other symptoms and problems start developing, some due to the disease process itself and others due to the effects of natural aging. Of these, dental diseases and the problems associated with them need to be tackled as soon as possible so as to make the patient’s life more comfortable. The dental problems arise mainly because of the nature of Parkinson’s and some of the medications used to treat the condition. Also the symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease makes [… Read More]

Adult diapers
Living with Parkinson's

When to Institutionalize a Parkinson’s Disease Patient

Parkinson’s disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorder of the old age, caused due to the loss of dopamine producing neurons. The deficiency of chemical neurotransmitter dopamine, gets expressed in the form of grave debilitating symptoms ranging from tremors, dyskinesia to freezing of gait and frequent falls and the patient eventually loses the right over the control and coordination of his/her own body. This fatal progressive disorder has no specific completely curative intervention as yet, and the main focus of all the widely available synergistic therapies lies on the restoration of dopamine to normal levels and to provide symptomatic relief to the patient and to boost up his quality and comfort of life. However, leading to an inevitable end, Parkinson’s disease, especially in the late stages, can take its toll not only on [… Read More]

Living with Parkinson's

Substance Abuse and Addiction in Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is the second most common chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder, which comes to play as a result of the neurotransmitter dopamine deficiency caused due to an insult to the dopamine producing neurons, predominantly located in the nigrostriatal region of the brain. The dopamine, which is chiefly responsible to transport the chemical signals, control the muscular control and coordination, and hence its deficiency manifests as a constellation of motor function impairment symptoms. The disease process is grossly incapacitating. Ranging from constipation, sleep disturbances to tremors, rigidity and eventually the loss of complete control over the muscle coordination, alongside the severe psychotic and behavioral disturbances, causes extreme depression in the Parkinson’s patients. The utter embarrassment due to loss of independence and self esteem, in adjunct to the compulsive behavioral disturbances push the patients in the pitfall [… Read More]

Sleep Apnea
Living with Parkinson's

Breathing Problems in Parkinson’s Disease

The troublesome neurodegenerative disorder Parkinson’s disease manifested by the symptoms of tremors, slowing of movements, rigidity and many more associated motor complications, caused by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal region of the brain is one of the most common cause of disability amongst the elderly population. Parkinson’s breathing is a complicated issue. Normal aging should not cause breathing difficulty and people with Parkinson’s disease, although mostly elderly, should not have breathing problems unless there is some underlying cause. Getting out of breath on undertaking unaccustomed exercise is not really a cause for concern. Some people with Parkinson’s disease experience shortness of breath and undergo testing, but are found to have a healthy lung function. It is quite possible, however, for a person with Parkinson’s disease to also suffer from some pre-existing lung [… Read More]

UTI incontinence
Living with Parkinson's

Urinary Incontinence and Bedwetting in Parkinson’s Disease

The chronic neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system, Parkinson’s disease, manifests as the motor impairment due to the loss of specific group of neurons situated in the nigrostriatal region of the brain which are particularly associated with the production of chemical neurotransmitter dopamine. The clinical features of Parkinson’s disease present as a constellation of various symptoms including tremors, rigidity, stiffness of muscles, muscular dyskinesia or loss of control over body movements, freezing of gait, and frequent falls in the later stages. Urinary incontinence constitute one such symptom of this disease. The inability to control the release of urine from the bladder and involuntary leakage of urine is known as urinary incontinence. It is condition that affects millions of people throughout the world and is not unique to Parkinson’s patients. It can be both embarrassing [… Read More]