Parkingson's Disease Guide

Featured Articles

Hearing assessments

The whole point to a hearing test is for the audiologist to determine the extent of your hearing loss and Read more

Menieres disease

Menieres disease affects the inner ear and no one knows the exact cause of the disease but it does affect Read more

Otosclerosis

Otosclerosis usually occurs in people during their teens or early years and causes ear bone degeneration, the sound conducting bones Read more

Recent Articles

Dangers of Using Cheap or Counterfeit Medicines for PD

Parkinson’s disease medicines can be  expensive and the financial impact can be devastating in the long term, especially if health insurance is an issue. It is not uncommon for any chronic disease sufferer to seek alternate sources, especially if the more expensive branded medicine may be available at a cheaper rate.

However, the possibility should be kept in mind that the drug obtained from such sources is cheaper because it is a counterfeit or fake. This could mean that it may not have all the necessary ingredients, the proportions may be wrong, or it may contain harmful substances. In spite of taking the drugs as prescribed by the doctor, the patient may have slow or no improvement at all or may even deteriorate drastically.

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Sleeping Problems in Parkinson’s Disease

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A range of sleeping problems are associated with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and unless they are recognized and tackled effectively, they can give rise to serious consequences. Sleep disorders can manifest as restless sleep, nightmares, vivid dreams, acting out dreams during sleep, and excessive daytime sleepiness. These sleep-related problems can affect the quality of life in PD patients, resulting in fatigue, poor attention, memory deficits, and predisposition to accidents.

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Brain Functioning and Personality Changes in Parkinson’s Disease

Although the characteristic symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD) involve motor functions such as tremor, rigidity, slowness of movement and loss of postural reflex, there are other neurological and psychiatric symptoms present in later stages of the disease which point to definite changes in brain function and personality of PD patients.
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Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s Disease and Multiple Sclerosis

Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis are degenerative neurological conditions where the patient may suffer from progressive loss of normal motor functioning, mental changes, and a gradual but relentless course leading to loss of cognitive abilities. Despite some similar signs and symptoms, these conditions, however, are different in many ways and in their presentation. At times, there is confusion among people who are not familiar with these conditions.

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Dental Diseases and Oral Health in Parkinson’s Patients

As Parkinson’s disease progresses, many other symptoms and problems start developing, some due to the disease process itself and others due to the effects of natural aging. Of these, dental diseases and the problems associated with them need to be tackled as soon as possible so as to make the patient’s life more comfortable.

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When to Institutionalize a Parkinson’s Disease Patient

Parkinson’s disease, especially in the late stages, can take its toll not only on the patient but also on the caregiver and a time may come when there is no other option but to institutionalize the patient. It can be a heart-breaking decision, particularly when the patient is a spouse or parent, but the relentlessly progressive changes in the physical and mental health that take place in Parkinson’s disease often leaves no other option open.

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Substance Abuse and Addiction in Parkinson’s Disease

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There are various psychosocial factors that may lead to substance abuse and subsequent addiction and Parkinson’s patients are not immune to these pitfalls. However, it is interesting to not that some studies have shown that patients with Parkinson’s disease seem to have a low sensation seeking and a more law abiding personality trait which could protect them against the pitfalls of substance abuse and addiction.

When other factors are involved, such as the side effects of some anti-Parkinson medicines or other drugs, depression and other psychosocial factors which may be unique to a patient suffering with a disease like Parkinson’s disease, substance abuse can become a real possibility.
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Breathing Problems, Difficulty in Parkinson’s Disease

Normal aging should not cause breathing difficulty and people with Parkinson’s disease, although mostly elderly, should not have breathing problems unless there is some underlying cause. Getting out of breath on undertaking unaccustomed exercise is not really a cause for concern.

It is quite possible, however, for a person with Parkinson’s disease to also suffer from some pre-existing lung or heart condition which may cause some amount of breathing difficulty. If shortness of breath, wheezing, cough or chest discomfort does develop, even without a known medical problem, careful assessment and treatment is definitely indicated.

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Urinary Incontinence and Bedwetting in Parkinson’s Disease

The inability to control the release of urine from the bladder and involuntary leakage of urine is known as urinary incontinence. It is condition that affects millions of people throughout the world and is not unique to Parkinson’s patients. It can be both embarrassing and distressing to a person and for Parkinson’s patients who are bedridden or unable to attend to themselves, it can prove even more frustrating.

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Acid Reflux, GERD, Heartburn in Parkinson’s Disease

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Acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or just simple heartburn occurs quite frequently in many people, but Parkinson’s disease patients seem to be more prone to developing this condition. There are a number of reasons why this is so.

How Does Acid Reflux Occur?

When food is swallowed, it moves down through the esophagus (food pipe) into the stomach. The esophageal sphincter, situated between the esophagus and the stomach, opens to allow this action to take place and closes back again so that the food does not go back into the esophagus. In this way, the esophageal sphincter acts as a one way-valve.
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