Human Rights for People with Disabilities

Disability & Human Rights

People with disabilities should be able to give there views on political, social and civil rights just the same as any other person without fear of harassment or prejudice. The term disabled covers a wide range of impairments and people can be termed disabled by physical, intellectual and sensory impairment. Also classed are medical conditions and mental illness.

People use a wide variety of terms when referring to the disabled such as “differently abled persons”, this term indicates that the person’s disability is not seen as anything different from the norm while the term “disabled person” could sound like the individual has had the ability to function as a person disabled.

It is estimated that throughout the world there are over 500 million people who suffer some form of disability; among these people some more than others are particularly susceptible to facing discrimination.

The people who fall into this category are women, children, the elderly, refugees and migrant workers. For example a woman who is disabled can be discriminated against not only for her disability but also for the fact she is a women.

Society’s Ignorance and prejudice

The disabled suffer discrimination purely on society’s ignorance and prejudice; it is through this ignorance that many disabled people are not able to enjoy many of the opportunities that others are able to enjoy.

Lack of access to essential services is caused by society’s ignorance to the disabled person’s needs but the human rights law specifies that every person should have:

* The right of equality before the law.

* The right not to be discriminated against.

* Have equal opportunity rights.

* The right to be able to live independently.

* The right of full integration into society.

* The right to feel secure.

The world programme of action concerning disabled persons

1981 was the “International year of disabled persons” and it was during this time that the formulation of the world programme of action concerning disabled persons began.

Its aim is to bring together people worldwide and form a strategy to enhance and rehabilitate equal opportunities for disabled people, it also focuses on the need to approach the way people look at disabled people. Guidelines set out for the WPA programme are:

* The participation of disabled people in decision making.

* The prevention of disability, impairment and handicap.

* Rehabilitation.

The equalization of opportunities in:

* Legislation.

* Physical environment.

* Income and social security.

* Education and training.

* Employment.

* Recreation and culture.

* Religion.

* Sports.

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